The User profile synchronization with AD comes with a build in property mapping. The following page from The TechNet Library describes the profile properties and link to their corresponding directory service attributes:

Default user profile property mappings (SharePoint Server 2010)

User profile property AD DS attribute

SPS-DistinguishedName

dn

SID

objectSid

Manager

manager

PreferredName

displayName

FirstName

givenName

LastName

sn

SPS-PhoneticDisplayName

msDS-PhoneticDisplayName

SPS-PhoneticFirstName

msDS-PhoneticFirstName

SPS-PhoneticLastName

msDS-PhoneticLastName

WorkPhone

telephoneNumber

WorkEmail

mail

Office

physicalDeliveryOfficeName

SPS-JobTitle

title

Department

department

UserName

sAMAccountName

PublicSiteRedirect

wWWHomePage

SPS-ProxyAddresses

proxyAddresses

SPS-SourceObjectDN

msDS-SourceObjectDN

SPS-ClaimID

<specific to connection>

SPS-ClaimProviderID

<specific to connection>

SPS-ClaimProviderType

<specific to connection>


All user profile properties

The following link lists all the user profile properties with internal name, display name and data type that SharePoint Server 2010 provides by default:

Default user profile properties (SharePoint Server 2010)

SP2010 default user profile properties

Full table at: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh147513.aspx

Verify user data

The Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in

The Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in is often the interface to the user attributes.

Go her to see the mapping of UI labels and AD attribute in the property pages that are displayed by the Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in:

User Object User Interface Mapping

AD User General Property Page

more at: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/ms677980%28v=vs.85%29.aspx

LDAP Browser

When it comes to navigation through the LDAP directory data there is several tools to choose from. My favorite is the LDAP directory browser from Softerra; http://www.ldapbrowser.com/download.htm

It comes free of charge if you only need read-only operations.

LDAP browser

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